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Mitigating Global Warming & Poverty through Community-Based Waste Conversion Projects

Mitigating Global Warming & Poverty through Community-Based Waste Conversion Projects

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

HOW GLOBAL WARMING AFFECTS POVERTY

Global Warming results from increased concentrations of greenhouse gases (such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide) in the atmosphere. The problem we now face is that human actions-including the burning of fossils fuels (coal, oil and natural gas) and land clearing-are increasing the concentrations of some of these gases, creating the prospect of further warming of the globe.

Scientific evidence shows that, left unchecked, climate change will impact on many aspects of our society, with far-reaching consequences to human health, global food security and economic development.

One might wonder how significant the relation between a natural phenomenon and an economic condition could be. But, in truth, global warming can have disastrous effects on the progress to overcome poverty. Global warming is a scientific phenomenon in which global temperatures rise because of the release of harmful gases into the environment. The rising of temperatures can negatively impact the advancements made in eliminating global poverty.

Rising temperatures greatly alter agricultural yields. Good crop yields not only help to eliminate malnutrition, but also invigorate the economy by creating jobs and encouraging trade. Drought would leave many unemployed and hungry, which actively denies families the ability to rise out of poverty.

Another problem with global warming is water conservation. Higher temperatures lead to less water, which is already a problem in a number of poverty stricken areas. Another side effect would be severe rains and flooding, again, resulting in hardships. Changing weather patterns result in more storms and high sea levels, both of which can have disastrous effects on agriculture and crop yields.

Global warming’s negative effects do not only relate to changing sea levels, endangered animals, and disappearing glaciers. Its impact is very much related to humans, as it will affect water supply, crop yields, and potential natural disasters. Global warming’s origins may be debated, but its affects are unavoidable. Within the next few decades, temperatures will rise, resulting in terrible consequences especially for those who do not have safe, sturdy shelters and a dependable food source and income.

As the uphill battle against poverty is fought, so must the uphill battle against global warming. Damage has already been done, and while it is hard to undo, changing our ways today has a chance of alleviating the impact on tomorrow.

SIMULTANEOUS MITIGATION OF GLOBAL WARMING AND POVERTY

Research studies have determined that a viable climate change strategy cannot be achieved without a viable economic development strategy, and vice versa. As such, development strategies should alleviate global warming and poverty at the same time and cannot be done through piece-meal/ knee-jerk reaction.

Novel biomass conversion technologies are seen as the main route that will directly help the economy and conserves the environment from poor waste management and utilization. Furthermore, biomass has the highest potential for small scale business development and mass employment. An interesting characteristic of biomass is local production and local consumption.

Since the answer to alleviating (if not eradicating) poverty is not through mere education, gifts, subsidies and health programs but the understanding about the minimum earnings needed by an individual to live decently, global warming and poverty can be answered simultaneously by building Poverty Alleviation into biomass and waste conversion businesses and economics thought/actions.

With that concept, AGRO BIOGENICS (CLEAN-TECH) PVT LTD have initiated and pioneered a New Business Paradigm that simultaneously answers GLOBAL WARMING and POVERTY (GWP) by developing Village level Industries to convert each village into wealth creation centers through the setting up of AGRO-POLYMER INDUSTRY COMPLEX-SUSTAINABILITY ENGINEERED PROJECTS (APIX-SEP) using ZERO-WASTE ZERO-CARBON BUSINESS-MODEL (ZW-ZC-BM).

With HQ in India and established in the year 2010, AGRO BIOGENICS (CLEAN-TECH) PVT LTD is a manufacturer and service provider working towards converting available local Renewable Resources (RR = Plants/vegetation matter, agro-wastes, animal wastes, rain, sunlight, wind and soil) in villages and rural areas into Alternate Energy, Alternate Engineering materials, Bio-Petrochemicals, Bio-Fertilizer, Carbon Sink Engineered products and Bio-water, and also to set up Development projects in Villages in India and worldwide.

COLLABORATIVE VENTURE TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE
Visualizing its’ potential and convinced that a similar concept can have a positive impact in Malaysia and the ASEAN region, me and my group have initiated a collaborative working partnership with AGRO-BIOGENICS (CLEAN-TECH) PVT LTD.

We believe that by introducing the concept of converting the huge cache of wastes and unused biomass into value-added GREEN PRODUCTS and MATERIALS with the activities dispersed in RURAL/FARM/VILLAGE AREAS would help in not only mitigating Global Warming, but would also help change the economic scenario of our nation.

Locating the industry/economic activities to be in village, farm or rural areas using SUSTAINABILITY ENGINEERING and SELF REGENERATIVE RECYCLING (SRR) methodologies in a Zero-Waste, Zero-Carbon Business Model (ZW-ZC-BM) would obliterate the impacts of global warming due to near total independence from fossil fuels and petroleum products, the development of the local villages would offset the problems due to shifting populations; local areas and villages would become centers of wealth creation, resulting in a cascading development effect.

THE BUSINESS MODEL

We have set-up AGRO BIOGENICS (MALAYSIA) SDN BHD to operate as the MANAGEMENT CENTRE for community-based agro-resources and renewable resources conversions industrial projects to mitigate Global Warming & Poverty (GWP) simultaneously.

The business objective is to commercialize the innovative interconnected industrial complexes, APIX-SEP, in villages, farmlands and rural areas with the goal of making a significant difference to the growth of nation and region. As the parent company, AGRO-BIOGENICS (CLEAN-TECH) PVT LTD will provide the Appropriate Engineering and Total Know-How.

AGRO BIOGENICS (MALAYSIA) SDN BHD will design, devise, construct, operate and implement the APIX-SEP to utilize, convert and recycle Organic/Vegetation RENEWABLE RESOURCES (Non-farm plant vegetative materials, Felled and fallen trees, and Shrubs, weeds and grass clippings) and Non-Toxic Wastes (Agro-Industrial wastes, Farm/Plantation Waste, Food waste, Timber Industry waste and Organic Industrial waste).

These are huge resources not yet considered for any economically viable products, by mainstream production technologies and economics paradigm. In fact, we are not utilizing these appropriately. There are more than 100 million dry tonne of biomass generated in Malaysia on yearly basis to be tapped into higher value chain but studies have indicated that less than 10% of it are being used, wasting almost 90% or more of the total biomass. Neither have we correctly and fully identified all of these nor have we visualized the huge potentials to utilize all of these to develop the overall national economy in a sustainable manner.

However, together with our parent company, we have taken up the works of converting all these resources into Economic Development resources, through a MISSIONARY zeal and these are the renewable resources that would be the main systems in the AGRO BIOGENICS scheme of things.

Looking at the huge cache of Renewable Resources … the plants/ vegetations/ animal world … as the answer to energy/materials needs of mankind and focusing on two new technologies, Natural Fiber Polymer Composites (NFPC) and Carbon Sequestration Technology, AGRO BIOGENICS’s main thrust will be:

1. Natural Fiber Polymer Composites- based Engineered Green Products and Materials
2. Bio-Petrochemicals/Green Bio-Chemicals from vegetation resources (pure green sulfur, organic silica and building block chemicals).
3. Carbon Sink Engineered Products (CSEP) that are “reacted” and converted using Industrial wastes + CO2 (the waste being environmental pollutants otherwise). Examples of Carbon Sink Engineered products are “Green Cement”, Construction Bricks and Prefabricated walls/partitions.
4. Value-added byproducts such as Bio-Energy (electricity and heat to provide self-sustainable energy system), Bio-Fertilizer and Bio-Water.
5. Carbon Sink Engineered Products (CSEP) that are “reacted” and converted using Industrial wastes + CO2 (the waste being environmental pollutants otherwise). Examples of Carbon Sink Engineered products are “Green Cement”, Construction Bricks and Prefabricated walls/partitions.
6. Value-added byproducts such as Bio-Energy (electricity and heat to provide self-sustainable energy system), Bio-Fertilizer and Bio-Water.

The Target Markets for the end-products are Construction, Automotive, Industrial, Communication, Furniture, Textile, Crockery and Sporting Goods.

The setting up of APIX-SEP programs would be through a cooperative arrangement, through joint ventures involving AGRO-BIOGENICS and one or more of the following groups:
1. Federal or State Government in their rural development and poverty eradication effort
2. Educational Institutions as part of their CSR activities.
3. Entrepreneurs and/or Corporate companies who wish to take advantage of the huge market and profitability potential.
4. International Institutions, who may support by way of various assistance such as “Seed Capital”, Net based support, UN support and the like.

The initial plan is to set up two Pilot Projects in Malaysia …to be named: APIX_PILOT, piloting a small scale cluster modules in a farmland/village/rural area of 30 ha to 35 ha, to be followed up later with more systems with bigger land allocation (up to 100 ha). It should be noted that APIX-SEP – the ZW-ZC-BM – could be set up even in an area bereft of any agricultural activity; and in this case the locally available vegetation and other animal/ human wastes could be the starting materials for the SRR processes.

THE BOTTOM LINE

With rising energy costs and the threat of global warming, many businesses are now recognizing the benefits of using technology to reduce their carbon footprint and to minimize waste, while having a positive impact on their business”. As such “Global warming” is the largest economic opportunity of the 21st century.

The use of materials from renewing resources is attaining increased importance as sustainability, industrial ecology, eco-efficiency, and green chemistry are guiding the development of the next generation of materials, products, and processes.

At a time when we are facing SHORTAGES in all Engineering Materials (Wood, Metals, Cement etc) due to a Two-fold problem of Global Warming and Environmental degradation, those products now available in the market are “traditional” systems with certain costs and many “drawbacks”. However, ALL products under AGRO-BIOGENICS do not have such drawbacks, cost lesser and Unique being CO2 Reducing GREEN products… at Costs that the traditional products cannot compete.

However, though it needs a very low capital investment (around RM 150,000) but have high growth potentials and high profitability (it is estimated that the potential businesses involved through utilizing available Renewable Resources (RR) are about US $15 Trillion to $20 Trillion), we do not have the Working Capital to start-off and implement a pilot project. As such, we would like to explore the possibility of working together with an ANGEL INVESTOR or VENTURE CAPITALIST to start the business operation of AGRO BIOGENICS (MALAYSIA) SDN BHD.

Let us combine together to make this happen… thereby paving the way for offsetting global warming, shifting populations… and above all, eradicating poverty…to be brought about not through subsidies and incentives, but through creating value to so-called wastes and useless renewable vegetation and plant resources; not through grants and loans, but through offering work and wages to those in the locality, and empowering people…all these finally resulting in government tax earnings, bringing about more cascading development of local villages and surroundings.

CONTACT PERSON

G. UDAYA KUMAR

gu.kumar7@yahoo.com